Poomsae - Forms

HTKD 0061-jebipoomForms, poomsae in Korean, are an efficient way to practice techniques, combinations and their correct execution on your own. Poomsae will reveal without mercy if the trainee has mastered the basics of the level they are on. It shows the correct execution of a technique, the rhythm, balance, breathing, direction of force and level of concentration.

The forms taught in clubs vary somewhat depending on the style of taekwondo and the instructor. In Helsinki Taekwondo Club, we teach 11 basic forms: Gi Chu 1-3 and Taeguk 1-8. The more advanced students will practice the Yudanja-series from Kukkiwon, which has 9 forms: 1 for each black belt rank. In addition to these, the advanced belts will practice the traditional forms taught by the first taekwondo-Masters, such as Pyong Ahn 1-5.

It is also possible to compete with forms, which provides an excellent way to improve and measure one's own development. In a form competition two forms are performed one after another. Beginners may choose which forms they will perform, but more advanced competitors will have the forms allotted for them. 

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In a form competition the following factors are considered:

  • Validity  (40%)
    • Technique execution and height
    • Balance
    • Relaxation
    • Accuracy
  • Performance (60%)
    • Strength
    • Speed
    • Rhythm
    • Spirit

There is an active training group in our club for form competitions.

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